Skip to content


Biodiversity

View all resources for this issue

Biodiversity simply refers to all life forms that exist and the environment in which they live as an interconnected system. All plants and animals contribute to our planet's biodiversity with each individual species playing its own unique part.

The construction and infrastructure industries can impact biodiversity both directly and indirectly. 

Construction and the increased modernisation of our lives have harmed biodiversity; the pressures of urban growth place an ever-increasing demand on natural resources in urban areas. Halting biodiversity loss is a huge challenge, particularly in light of climate change, which will exacerbate many of the adverse drivers.

All development has some impact on biodiversity. Biodiversity is crucial for the functioning of ecosystems which provide us with products and services without which we cannot live. Food, fresh water, fertile soil, medicines, shelter, protection from storms and floods, stable climate and recreation - all have their source in nature and healthy ecosystems.

Australia’s Biodiversity Conservation Strategy 2010 – 2030 emphasises that the natural world, its biodiversity and its constituent ecosystems are critically important to our well-being and economic prosperity, but are persistently declining and consistently undervalued in decision making.

Biodiversity is protected in Australia by both national and international legislation. State and Territory planning authorities require that biodiversity is considered during the planning stage and that appropriate measures are taken to avoid negative effects on local biodiversity during construction or operation of a business. 

Businesses can promote biodiversity conservation and increase their reputation as a sustainable company by incorporating initiatives such as are suggested within the Green Star and the ISCA IS rating tool at the design and planning stages of development.

It is not only new developments that can be enhanced for biodiversity. Existing landscaped/revegetation areas, buildings and structures can be enhanced to make them more interesting for wildlife. Through incorporating planting and management regimes, green roofs, green walls and other ecological features, any space can be improved for wildlife.